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An Introduction to Astronomy and Cosmology. 1) Astronomy - an Observational. Science. Page 2. Why study Astronomy 1. • A fascinating subject in its own right. This course is an introduction to modern astronomy, showing what we know PDF copies of the lectures as I give them .. form you can hold (and show off to friends), a selection has been published as a book, in “Universe: Days” by R. J. The main purpose of this book is to serve as a university textbook for a first course in astronomy. However, we believe that the audience will also include many.
Pages 22 - 23 Venus: Pages 24 - 25 Earth: Pages 25 - 34 Mars: Outer, Dwarf and Exoplanets Pages: Pages 41 - 42 Saturn: Pages 42 - 44 Uranus: Pages 44 - 45 Neptune: Pages 45 - 46 Dwarf Planets, Plutoids and Exoplanets: Pages 47 The Moons: Rocks and Ice: Pages 67 - 75 Workbook Pages 57 - 64 Asteroids: Pages 69 - 71 Meteors: The Stars: Lecture notes on the formation and early evolution of planetary systems by Philip J.
Lopsided Spiral Galaxies by Chanda J. Hughes, J. Bowker, Mars Science Laboratory Wikipedia, , online html.
Massive Stars and their Supernovae by F. Thielemann, R. Hirschi, M. Liebendorfer, R. Diehl, , 81 pages, 5.
Mechanism of the Heavens by Mary Somerville, , multiple formats. Mercury by F. Vilas, C. Chapman, M. Matthews, , pages, PDF.
Modified Gravity and Cosmology by T. Clifton, P. Ferreira, A. Padilla, C. Skordis, , pp, 3.
Wright, Notes on Stellar Astrophysics by James N. Weinberg, et al. Ellis, , pages, 2. Observatories in Space by Catherine Turon, , 50 pages, 2. On Mars: Forbes, Ericson D.
Origin of the Moon edited by W. Hartmann, R. Phillips, G. Taylor, An Overview of the Solar System Wikipedia, , online html. The Planet Mars: Planetary Rings by Matthew S. Planetary Science: The Practical Astronomer by Thomas Dick, , pp, multiple formats. Practical Astronomy by George L.
Hosmer, Practical Astronomy by P. Michie, F. Harlow, Brout, S. Massar, R.
Parentani, P. Spindel, , pages, PDF. Kunze, Christos G. Williams, Lucas A. Cieza, , 65 pages, 1.
Protostars and Planets IV by V. Mannings, A. Boss, S. Russell, , pages, PDF. Recreations in Astronomy by Henry White Warren. Remote Sensing Tutorial by Nicholas M.
Short, Resources of Near-Earth Space by J. Lewis, M. A Review of the Universe: Structures, Evolutions, Observations, and Theories www. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence: Sky Surveys by S.
Djorgovski, A. Mahabal, A. Drake, M. Graham, C. Donalek, , 62 pp, 1.
Solar Neutrinos by V. Antonelli, L. Miramonti, C. Pena-Garay, A. Space Handbook: Astronautics and Its Applications by Robert W. Spacecraft Dynamics by Thomas R. Spacetime Warps and the Quantum: A Glimpse of the Future by Dr. Spherical Astronomy by F.
Bruennow, , pages. Star-gazer's hand-book; a brief guide for amateur students of astronomy by Henry William Elson, The Star Splitters: Tucker, Stellar Atmospheres by J. Stellar Structure and Evolution by Sergey V. Vorontsov, The Story of Eclipses by George F. String Cosmology by James M.
Supernova Cosmology: Update: additional diagram for orbits section. Einstein's Relativity. The concepts of spacetime and gravity as a warping of spacetime are introduced along with observational proofs of his theories, including the search for gravity waves with LIGO.
Electromagnetic Radiation Light. General properties of light, definition of frequency, spectrum, temperature. Light production: Continuous thermal spectra, emission lines, absorption lines and the Bohr model for the atom. Doppler Effect and why spectral lines must be used to measure the doppler shifts. Updates: added "How do you do that?
Also links to interactives about types of spectra. Covers refractors, reflectors, radio telescopes, light-gathering power, resolving power, interferometers, magnification, and atmospheric distortion such as seeing, reddening, and extinction. Also a section with tips on downloading a telescope. Updates: added section about downloading personal telescope and updated material about new large research telescopes in the near future.
This chapter is an introduction to planetary science. I discuss the techniques astronomers use to find out about the planets, their atmospheres what determines if an atmosphere sticks around; behavior of gases; what determines the surface temperature; atmosphere layers; the transport of energy; effects of clouds, mountains, and oceans; weather vs. In a separate section I focus on a comparison between the atmospheres of Earth, Venus, and Mars and why they are now so radically different from each other greenhouse effect, carbon cycle, runaway refrigerator, runaway greenhouse, etc.
Mars discussion now includes proofs for liquid water in past and sub-surface water ice. The Earth discussion now includes the role of plate tectonics in the carbon cycle, evidence for human contribution to the atmospheric carbon dioxide and to the observed global temperature rise.
There are links to two flowcharts: a Earth-Venus-Mars comparison and a flowchart of the calculations involved in determining if an atmosphere sticks around for billions of years.
I end the chapter with a discussion of the major moons in the solar system and ring systems. Updates: weather vs. Beautiful Planet photo album of nature photography has imagery of mountains, lakes, streams, waterfalls, large trees, flowers, aurorae, other landscape images and some images of insects and frogs.
Most images are from the western United States but some are also from eastern Australia and the aurorae are from Fairbanks, Alaska.
The rest of the album are from various beautiful places in the western United States and eastern Australia. Answers to Global Warming Skeptics is a separate section about the climate change debate going on among the general public.
Also, is a short "How I Know" PDF document with embedded links explaining why I accept the conclusion that Earth's climate is changing and that humans play a role—just one sheet of paper needed to print.
After a wet winter in , the California Water Future article explains why water conservation is still needed. Solar System Fluff. At the end is an exploration of the other planetary systems.
Determining Star Properties. Notes for the properties of stars and how we determine them. Things like distances to stars, their masses, radii, composition and speeds. Also HR diagram, spectral types, and spectroscopic parallax.
The dangers of selection effects and biased samples are also discussed with the application of finding what a typical star is like. Update: tweak to Inverse Square Law section. The Sun and Stellar Structure. This chapter covers: The Sun, interiors of stars, and nuclear fusion, neutrinos, the solar neutrino problem, and helioseismology.Galaxy systems in the optical and infrared by A.
Other Related Materials pages. Applications of those laws esp. The First Stars by Simon C. The Fundamentals of Stellar Astrophysics This book covers the following topics: